Archives

Tort

Noun: A type of civil litigation in which a wrongful act, intentional or accidental, results in injury to another person. Tort cases include negligence suits as well as intentional wrongs which result in harm.

Search Warrant

Noun: A written order by a judge which permits a law enforcement officer to search a specific place and identifies the persons and any articles intended to be seized.

Reckless Driving

Noun: A misdemeanor offense which involves the operation of an automobile in a dangerous manner under the circumstances, including speeding, driving after consuming alcohol, having too many passengers in the car, cutting in and out of traffic, failing to yield to other vehicles, and other negligent acts.

Racketeering

Verb: Conspiring to organize with the intent to commit crimes, particularly as a regular business. This term often is associated with “organized crime.”

Perjury

Noun: The crime of deliberately falsifying information after being duly sworn by a notary public, court clerk or other official.

Paralegal

Noun: A non-lawyer who performs routine tasks requiring some knowledge of the law and procedures and who is employed by a law office or works independently for various lawyers.

Objection

Noun: A lawyer’s protest to a question asked of a witness by the opposing attorney. The purpose of the an objection is to have the trial judge decide if the question can be asked based on one of the specific reasons for not allowing a question. These include: irrelevant, immaterial, incompetent, hearsay, leading, calls for a conclusion, compound question, or lack of foundation.

Oath

Noun: An official swearing to tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth. Once instated, the oath-taker is subject to punishment for the crime of perjury if he or she knowingly lies either orally or in writing.

Mistrial

Noun: A trial which has been terminated prior to its normal conclusion due to a fundamental error in proceedings. When a mistrial is declared, a new jury is selected and the trial starts again.